Recently, I read an article about the origins and changes of the Wenshu Academy's literary community. The article said "In the 1980s, Wenzhou Teachers College (Wenzhou Teachers College) founded two literary societies, Jiushan Poetry Society and Chenguang Literature Society, which had a profound impact on Wenzhou local college literature and even contemporary literature. Jiushan The Poetry Society was founded in 1983, and its publication is "Jiushan Lake" (later changed to "Poems" and "Tanlin"). The Chenguang Literature Society was founded in 1984, and its publication is "Loxia Lake" (later changed to "Tao Li Yuan"). ")." The article mentioned "In the winter of 1983, Dai Tianpeng and others initiated the establishment of the Jiushan Poetry Society, the first literary society on the Wenzhou campus, and created the" Jiushan Lake "poetry (mimeograph).
The above statement is wrong. As early as 1979, there was the "Jiushan Lake Literature Society" on the campus of Wenzhou University, which is likely to be Wenzhou's first university literature society. It has been 40 years since this year.
In 1978, this was a year destined to be written in the history of Chinese education. That year, the university's campus welcomed two students for admission twice. 627,000 college freshmen nationwide fought out of 11.8 million candidates, and their trajectory of life has changed radically since then. They entered the "ivory tower" in the great discussion of "practice is the sole criterion for testing truth", and in the turbulent movement of ideological emancipation.
The long-closed cultural hunger and dull and depressed living atmosphere made the university campus at that time full of reflection, implying restlessness. Although the campus has walls, it is surrounded by the most restless groups. With the deepening of the ideological emancipation movement, and with the blackout of the "Cultural Revolution" being unveiled a little bit, the beautiful things in their memories disappeared little by little. The youth years that they thought they could be proud of gradually became bitter memories. The capital was confiscated or abandoned ruthlessly by history, so it was confused, confused, disillusioned, doubtful, until it was thought, sober, and even the re-establishment of values.
At a critical moment, literature once again played the role of enlightenment. From "Headteacher" to "Scar" to "The Silent Place", whether it is scar literature or reflective literature, college students who re-enter the classroom have gone through a painful process of self-denial. At the same time, many students, especially the older third-year students, imitated these exposed works and started writing, in order to evacuate the pain in their hearts. After touching the scar and telling the pain, he started to reflect seriously.
Under such a background, students urgently need a platform for mutual communication, so students from various universities, especially Chinese majors, have set up literary clubs and run their own internal literature publications as their home gardens. The Jiushanhu Literature Society of Wenzhou Normal College (Wenzhou Teachers College) and the literary journal "Jiushan Lake" were born under the circumstances.
In the second half of 1979, students of Grades VII and VII of the Chinese Department of Wenzhou Teachers College, with the support of writing teacher Jiang Jiayu, spontaneously established the Jiushan Lake Literature Society, and printed and printed it by themselves, publishing literature in the form of internal distribution. The first issue of the publication "Jiushan Lake". The content of the first few issues was mainly to publish the excellent assignments of the students in the writing class. The genre was limited to poetry, prose, and novel. With the increasing enthusiasm of students for writing, the types and genres of works continued to expand and expand. By the first half of 1980, various forms of literary works were available, including film and television script and foreign language translation.
At that time, everyone's academic tasks were very heavy, so the publication work of the publication was implemented in turn by members of the Literary Society. The publication time was basically maintained once a month, there was no fixed day for publication, and it was suspended during the winter and summer holidays. The manuscripts are mainly members of the Literature Society, and they are mainly concentrated in 78 Chinese students. 77, 79 Chinese students, and students majoring in politics, education, English, and evening university Chinese also often appear in the publications. It is worth mentioning that, in December 1980, Jiushanhu Literature Society and the "Xiantan" Literature Society hosted by the Pingyang Junior College of the Wenzhou Teachers College jointly organized a literary publication "Huguangshanse", which was well received both inside and outside the school.
It was an age of openness, tolerance, and affection, an age of openness and wasteful employment. College students who profess to be the proud of the sky, everyone has the belief of “rejuvenating China and giving up who they are” to everyone, and everyone wants to be a wave of the times.
At that time, relatively influential publications such as "Untitled" by Peking University, "Red Beans" by Sun Yat-sen University, "Lujia Mountain" by Wuhan University, and "Sailing by Hangzhou University" were all well-known, forming a new era together. A beautiful landscape of literature.
Although Wenzhou is located along the southeast coast, the Jiushan Lake Literature Society is not alone, and it has close contact with the literature institutions of various schools. In 1979, it was led by the "Lijiashan" Literary Society of Wuhan University. The literature society of 13 colleges and universities in China had co-organized a national college student literature "This Generation". Jiushanhu Literature Society participated in it, although it only published The first period was incomplete, but it had a great impact nationwide that year.
In the second half of 1980, the situation changed subtlely. All printed matter must have a periodical, otherwise it will be treated as an illegal publication. Individually inadequate checks and sharp-edged publications have been closed down and suspended. As a result, the literary journals run by students of each school gradually dwindled.
However, the "Jiushan Lake" of Wenzhou Teachers College was still published on time and continued until the graduation of 78 classmates in the summer of 1981. Later, due to the departure of the backbone of the creative team, "Jiushan Lake" was finally dead. Looking back, in the tide of campus literature publications at that time, "Jiushan Lake" of Wenzhou Teachers College should be one of the longest published publications.
In the "1978 Memorandum of University Student Literature Publications Founded by Universities Around the Country in 1978" uploaded by Jiang Hongwei, the "Jiushan Lake" of Wenzhou Teachers College was impressive, and even included a list of all members of the Jiushan Lake Literature Society (including pen names) Introduced, "Jiushan Lake" engraved in 16 format, about 30 pages.
The campus literary journals left by a generation of students now seem to not only have a leading significance for their own literary enlightenment, spiritual innovation and ideological emancipation, but also carry certain literary and social values. Although the vitality of the publications is relatively fragile, the role and impact they play are indeed worthy of future studies. I hope that scholars who study the history of Chinese campus literature should not forget the historical contributions these college student publications made to contemporary Chinese literature.(Responsible editor: admin)