This newspaper, December 23 (Reporter Chai Min) The thirty-first session of the Twelfth National Standing Committee is holding its second plenary session this morning. The chairperson attended. 149 members of the Standing Committee attended the meeting, and the number of attendees was a fixed number.
Entrusted by the State Council, Minister of Finance Xiao Jie made a report of the State Council on the allocation and use of state financial education funds to the National Standing Committee, and submitted it to the General Assembly for consideration. The report said that in the next step, it will be conscientiously implemented, the State Council ’s decision-making deployment and national requirements, a people-centered development ideology, following the laws of education, actively playing the role of financial functions, continuing to increase financial education investment, maintaining a bottom line, highlighting priorities, and improving the system , Guide expectations, increase investment and advancement, establish mechanisms, strengthen management, and improve performance.
Xiao Jie said that in recent years, especially since the Party ’s, in accordance with the State Council ’s decision-making arrangements and relevant national requirements, the central and local finances have prioritized education as a development strategy, improved and perfected the mechanism for education investment, and Xiangshan Talent Network has continued to increase financial education. Investment, optimize the structure of education funding, focus on investment, give priority to protection, and strengthen the management of capital use, improve the efficiency of capital use, and support the priority development of education to achieve significant results.
The data show that from 2012 to 2016, the total investment in education (including financial education funds and non-financial education funds) totaled nearly 17 trillion yuan, of which in 2016 reached 388.8 billion yuan, 1.36 times that of 2012. The average annual growth rate is 7.9%, and the proportion of P has remained above 4% for five consecutive years since 2012 (up to 4.22% in 2016).
Among them, the education expenditures arranged by the general public budget in the country are 287.3 billion yuan, which is the main channel for financial education expenditures, and is the largest expenditure of the general public budgets, accounting for 15%, and the financial education expenditures dominate. In addition, non-financial education funding has become an important supplement. In 2016, Xianning Talent Network . National non-financial education expenditures, including career income, private school sponsor input, donation income, and others, amounted to 749.2 billion yuan, accounting for 19.3% of total national education expenditure.
Where are trillions of national fiscal education funds used? The answer is three "more than half": in 2016, more than half of China's fiscal education funding was used for compulsory education, more than half was used for ministry areas and tilted to rural areas, and more than half was used for teacher salaries and welfare and student funding.
Of the 2016 national financial education funding, 1658.3 billion yuan was used for compulsory education, accounting for 52.8%, reflecting the top priority of compulsory education.
From a regional perspective, the central government's education transfer payment funds focus on supporting the regions, as well as the old districts, ethnic regions, border areas, and poverty-stricken areas. In 2016, about 84% of the central government's education transfer payment funds were used to support the Ministry. Among the local financial education funds, the eastern, central and western regions are respectively 117.8 billion yuan, 881.3 billion yuan, and 832.9 billion yuan. The financial education funds of the ministries and regions account for about 60% of the country's total (excluding the central level).
From the rural perspective, per capita education expenditures have maintained rapid growth. In 2016, the average per capita education expenditures of rural junior high schools, primary schools, and kindergartens were 14,400 yuan, 10,800 yuan, and 60,100 yuan, an increase of 50.2% over 2012. 51%, 51.1%.
From the perspective of expenditure items, more than half of the financial education funds are used for teachers' salaries and welfare and student aid. Among the 2016 national financial education expenditure items, teachers' salaries and welfare and student funding accounted for 61.1% in total, an increase of 10.6 percentage points from 2012.
"Since the beginning of the party, through the support and guidance of financial education funds, taxation and other policies, and through joint efforts of all parties, China's education has developed in an all-round way, education in the regions and rural areas has been significantly strengthened, and significant progress has been made in supporting the priority development of education." Xiao Jie said, Statistics show that China ’s overall education development ranks among the top ranks in the world, and the enrollment rate of all types of education at all levels is higher than the average level of middle- and high-income countries. At the same time, the overall strategic ability of the Education Service Party and the state has been significantly enhanced, the fairness and quality of education have been significantly improved, the education system has been comprehensively deepened, and breakthroughs have been made in some key areas and links.
Xiao Jie introduced that in recent years, the Ministry of Finance, in conjunction with various regions and the Ministry of Education and other relevant departments, has actively taken measures to strengthen the management of financial education funds, and strived to improve the scientificity, standardization and effectiveness of fund allocation and use.
In terms of systems, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Education have revised four financial management systems of education, including the financial system and accounting system of higher and primary schools, and universities and primary and secondary schools have formulated internal financial management measures for these institutions to further standardize The financial accounting behaviors of various schools have laid the institutional foundation. Formulate (repair) special fund management measures.
"Tighten the system. Various localities have also formulated and improved local financial education special fund management methods in accordance with the actual situation, using the system to manage money and manage people." Xiao Jie said.
In addition, the Ministry of Finance, in conjunction with the Ministry of Education and other relevant departments, has prepared a three-year rolling expenditure plan for education since 2016, strengthened the constraints on the annual budget by the mid-term fiscal plan, and improved the forward-looking and sustainable budget preparation. The assessment of budget implementation progress was strengthened, and the implementation rate of education budgets of central departments remained above 98%.
In accordance with the requirements of simplified administration and decentralization and standardized budget management, the budget allocation system for central universities was optimized in 2016 to optimize the basic expenditure system and improve the fixed-amount allocation method for students; restructure the project expenditure system and optimize the original 13 projects into 6 Projects, and improve funding allocation and management.
According to the requirements of improving the transfer payment system, the number of special transfer payment projects will be cleaned up, integrated, and merged from 23 in 2013 to the current nine. The Ministry of Finance will work with relevant departments such as the Ministry of Education, mainly in accordance with the proportions, factors, and quotas. Other methods are allocated and used by the localities according to overall arrangements. All performance items of the central department's education budget and the central fiscal education special transfer payment are compiled.
Xiao Jie said that the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that building a strong education nation is the basic project of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It is necessary to give priority to education, deepen education, accelerate the modernization of education, and conduct education that is satisfactory to the people. In the current situation of the gradual improvement of the input and use mechanism of education funds in China, the continuous increase of the total amount, the optimization of structural adjustment, and the continuous improvement of benefits, facing some problems and deficiencies in fiscal education, the next step is to make new developments and fully implement the party's Educational policy, earnest implementation, decision-making and deployment of the State Council and national requirements, actively play the role of financial functions, give priority to development, continue to guarantee education as a key area of financial investment, and strive to improve the long-term mechanism for stable growth of educational investment; highlight the focus, and optimize financial The structure of education expenditures is focused on winning the battle against poverty in education; deepening and increasing financial support, and focusing on the institutional and institutional obstacles that restrict the scientific development of education; strengthening financial management based on finances, and focusing on improving the performance of fund use; and practically improving and strengthening financial education, Efforts will be made to continuously make new progress in teaching and learning, and further enhance the people's sense of gain in educational development.
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