According to the requirements of the 2007-15 postgraduate entrance examination, postgraduate entrance examination history generally involves the following aspects: ancient Chinese history, modern history of China, ancient medieval history, modern and contemporary history of the world, historical theory and history, historical philology, history In terms of geography, specialized history, etc., the author makes a simple analysis of the rules of the questions in these aspects, hoping to help the 2016 graduate students.
I. Ancient Chinese History
The purpose of the undergraduate examination covers four types of questions in the examination outline: multiple choice questions, noun explanations, historical data analysis questions, short answer questions (discussion questions). The distribution of scores has remained stable over the years, and basically accounts for about 30% of the total score. Each year, the amount of questions is kept at 8-9, specifically 4-5 multiple choice questions, 2-3 noun explanations, 1 historical analysis question, and 1 short answer (discussion) question.
According to the analysis of real questions over the years, ancient Chinese history is still mainly based on the examination of historical basic knowledge, especially history and economic history, that is, the major events, important people, and major phenomena in history are mainly investigated. For example, in 2012, a whip was investigated. The Lin Shuangwen uprising during the French and Qianlong periods, the taxation system from the Western Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty; in 2013, the five military capitals of the Ming Dynasty, Zhao Xuan Zhongxing, Northern Wei Xiaowen Emperor, the improvement of the status of women in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and the American crops in China in the 15th century; In 2014, the rise and fall of the Five Dynasties and Ten Countries, the relations between Zhou Gongdan, the Western Han Dynasty and the Huns, the foreign trade policy and its influence from the Yuan Dynasty to the middle of the Qing Dynasty (before 1840) were examined. In 2015, the examination examined the major social and economic changes from the Han to the Suijiang South. It summarizes the war and peace between Song and Liao, evaluates Song and Liao, and considers the aspects of thinking, culture, art, science and technology in the choice and noun explanation questions, in order to examine the comprehensiveness.
2. Modern Chinese History
The multiple-choice questions focus on the examination of the basic knowledge of candidates in modern Chinese history. Modern history has a large scope and a large amount of content. Any small knowledge point may be used as the content of the examination, such as the Zhaoxin Stock, The puppet treaties examined in 2013, the first session of the Second Session of the CPPCC in 2014, and the Central Trust Bureau in 2015. The term explanation and examination are still the more important historical facts of this stage and the ability to summarize the characteristics of the stage. Therefore, the accumulation of knowledge in this area needs to be strengthened. The 863 plan obtained in the year; Lijin and Anfu obtained in the year of 2014; Yan Fu, the mercantile rebellion obtained in 2015, and the Common Program of the Chinese People's Consultative Conference.
The historical data analysis questions are not highly probable. The examinations are historical events that are significant, important, and have far-reaching effects. So far, historical data questions in Chinese modern history have appeared twice, once with the ancient Chinese history. Examination together, that is, the imperial examination system examined in 2007, the question was asked only once, that is, the examination of the masters in 2012 to control and early reform ideas.
The frequency of examination questions is higher than that of historical data analysis questions. Generally, the contents of history, economic history, and history of ideas are examined. Therefore, the main processes, basic clues, and horizontal and vertical connections involving these aspects may be examined. For example, 2011 The impact of the two recent Sino-Japanese wars on China, the economy, and international status examined; the social, economic, and cultural policies and major changes in Taiping before the Tianjing Incident examined in 2012; the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War before the Sino-Japanese War in 2015 The development of modern industry in Japan and Japan.(Responsible editor: admin)